An American consul, William Hunt, noted that “Pointe a Pitre [in Guadeloupe] was a perfect picture of a city that had been dynamited the preceding night” (Kleinberg 40). Although the island initially sought aid from the United States, the United States responded with concerns about how residents, particularly those of non-European ancestry, would spend the money. Ultimately, the island refused the aid of the U.S. because it did not want to validate its racist ideologies.